Stavemaking

In stavemaking, every piece of wood that goes into the manufacturing process requires special attention to read its characteristics and adapt the shaping. Wood is handled by hand at every stage.

THE STAGES IN STAVEMAKING

01 - Logging of purchased timber

01 - Logging of purchased timber

Standing timber bought by the Charlois Group is felled within 12 months of the sale (in accordance with the sustainable management plan), following forestry best practice and in compliance with the regulations applicable to each plot.

02 - Skidding and transport to the Charlois Group stavemills

02 - Skidding and transport to the Charlois Group stavemills

Once they have been hauled to the landing point at the edge of the plot, the logs are stacked on the side of the road for collection by a logging truck which will transport them to the Charlos Group stavemills.

03 - Sorting

03 - Sorting

The logs are sorted to select those which will be used for stavemaking. The others will be transformed in the sawmills, notably for the production of railway sleepers.

04 - Cutting

04 - Cutting

After sorting, the logs selected for stavewood are cut into short lengths (approx 1,20 m )

05 - Splitting

05 - Splitting

In this critical stage of stavemaking, the lengths are split into rough quarters following the grain of the wood. This operation guarantees the watertightness of the future staves.

06 - Sawing

06 - Sawing

The sections are then sawn lengthways, always following the grain of the wood, into the thickness desired for the future staves (22, 27, 32 or 42 mm).

07 - Trimming

07 - Trimming

These pieces of wood are then trimmed to remove the bark and the sapwood on one side, and the heartwood on the other, to form a rectilinear stave of between 4 and 12,5 cm wide for the body of the barrel and over 5 cm for the head pieces.

08 - CInspection/sorting

08 - Inspection/sorting

Each stave is individually inspected. Those found to have faults are marked with red chalk according to the type (spikes, knots, broken grain, etc.).

09 - Shortening

09 - Shortening

The marked staves are cut to remove the fault and sorted by length (suitable for barrels: 110, 105, 95 or 90 cm – Heads : 40 to 80 cm – Tiles/shingles: 33 cm).

10 - Seasoning

10 - Seasoning

The stavewood is stacked in well ventilated pallets of 0,5 m3 to allow for good air circulation. These pallets are then stored in parks in the open air for a minimum of 20 months.

01

Logging of purchased timber

Standing timber bought by the Charlois Group is felled within 12 months of the sale (in accordance with the sustainable management plan), following forestry best practice and in compliance with the regulations applicable to each plot.

02

Skidding and transport to the Charlois Group stavemills

Once they have been hauled to the landing point at the edge of the plot, the logs are stacked on the side of the road for collection by a logging truck which will transport them to the Charlos Group stavemills.

03

Sorting

The logs are sorted to select those which will be used for stavemaking. The others will be transformed in the sawmills, notably for the production of railway sleepers.

04

Cutting

After sorting, the logs selected for stavewood are cut into short lengths (approx 1,20 m )

05

Splitting

In this critical stage of stavemaking, the lengths are split into rough quarters following the grain of the wood. This operation guarantees the watertightness of the future staves.

06

Sawing

The sections are then sawn lengthways, always following the grain of the wood, into the thickness desired for the future staves (22, 27, 32 or 42 mm).

07

Trimming

These pieces of wood are then trimmed to remove the bark and the sapwood on one side, and the heartwood on the other, to form a rectilinear stave of between 4 and 12,5 cm wide for the body of the barrel and over 5 cm for the head pieces.

08

Inspection/sorting

Each stave is individually inspected. Those found to have faults are marked with red chalk according to the type (spikes, knots, broken grain, etc.).

09

Shortening

The marked staves are cut to remove the fault and sorted by length (suitable for barrels: 110, 105, 95 or 90 cm – Heads : 40 to 80 cm – Tiles/shingles: 33 cm).

10

Seasoning

The stavewood is stacked in well ventilated pallets of 0,5 m3 to allow for good air circulation.

These pallets are then stored in parks in the open air for a minimum of 20 months.

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